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Title: Solvent‐free and nonisocyanate melt transurethane reaction for aliphatic polyurethanes and mechanistic aspects
Authors: Deepa, P.
Dept. of Chemistry
Keywords: Nonisocyanate melt transurethane
Aliphatic polyurethanes
Mechanistic aspects
Issue Date: Apr-2008
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, 46(10).
Abstract: A novel melt transurethane polycondensation route for polyurethanes under solvent‐free and nonisocyanate condition was developed for soluble and thermally stable aliphatic or aromatic polyurethanes. The new transurethane process was investigated for A + B, A‐A + B, and A‐A + B‐B (A‐urethane and B‐hydroxyl) ‐type condensation reactions, and also monomers bearing primary and secondary urethane or hydroxyl functionalities. The transurethane process was confirmed by 1H and 13C NMR, and molecular weight of the polymers were obtained as Mn = 10–15 × 103 and Mw = 15–45 × 103 g/mol. The mechanistic aspects of the melt transurethane process and role of the catalyst were investigated using model reactions, 1H NMR, and MALDI‐TOF‐MS. The model reactions indicated the occurrence of 97% reaction in the presence of catalyst, whereas its absence gave only less than 2% of the product. The polymer samples were subjected for end‐group analysis using MALDI‐TOF‐MS, which confirms the Ti‐catalyst mediated nonisocyanate pathway in the melt transurethane process. Almost all the polyurethanes were stable up to 280 °C, and the Tg of the polyurethanes can be easily fine‐tuned from −30 to 120 °C by using appropriate diols in the melt transurethane process.
ISSN: 0887-624X
Appears in Collections:JOURNAL ARTICLES

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