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Title: Participation of corticotropin-releasing factor type 2 receptors in the acute, chronic and withdrawal actions of nicotine associated with feeding behavior in rats
Authors: Kamdi, S. P.
Nakhate, Kartik T.
Dandekar, Manoj P.
Kokare, Dadasaheb M.
Dept. of Biology
Keywords: Nicotine
CRF2 receptor
Food intake
Body weight
Nicotine on feeding
Issue Date: Dec-2009
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Appetite, 53(3).
Abstract: We investigated the role of corticotropin-releasing factor type 2 (CRF2) receptors in acute, chronic and withdrawal effects of nicotine on feeding behavior in rats. Nicotine was injected intraperitoneally, whereas CRF, CRF2 receptors agonist urocortin-1 or selective antagonist astressin2-B were administered directly into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). In acute studies, nicotine, CRF or urocortin-1 produced dose dependent anorexia at 2 and 4 h post-injection time-points, however, astressin2-B did not alter the food intake. Prior treatment of CRF or urocortin-1 potentiated the anorectic effect of nicotine, while astressin2-B showed opposite response. Chronic administration of nicotine produced tolerance to anorexia and caused persistent weight loss. However, concomitant treatment with CRF or urocortin-1 resulted in early tolerance to nicotine-induced anorexia. In the same set of animals, while CRF pre-treatment potentiated the weight reducing effect of nicotine, urocortin-1 failed to do so. Although abrupt termination of chronic nicotine treatment caused hyperphagia and weight gain, administration of CRF or urocortin-1 prevented these effects. These results suggest that CRF2 receptors, within the framework of PVN, may contribute to the acute, chronic and withdrawal responses of nicotine on feeding and body weight.
ISSN: 0195-6663
Appears in Collections:JOURNAL ARTICLES

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