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Title: Cocaine‐ and amphetamine‐regulated transcript peptide (CART) in the telencephalon of the catfish, Clarias gariepinus: Distribution and response to fasting, 2‐deoxy‐D‐glucose, glucose, insulin, and leptin treatments
Barsagade, Vikas G.
Singru, Praful S.
Thim, Lars
Clausen, Jes Thorn
Dept. of Biology
Keywords: Amphetamine?regulated
Clarias gariepinus
CART immunoreactivity
Adult female catfis
Intracranial route
Brain slice superfusion
Issue Date: Dec-2010
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Journal of Comparative Neurology, 519(7), 1281-1300.
Abstract: The cocaine‐ and amphetamine‐regulated transcript peptide (CART)‐containing system in the forebrain of Clarias gariepinus was studied with immunocytochemistry. While the immunoreactivity was prominently seen in the neurons of the entopeduncular nucleus (EN) located in the ventral telencephalon, CART‐immunoreactive fibers were widely distributed in the dorsal and ventral telencephalon. In view of the established role of CART in energy metabolism, we investigated the response of the CART immunoreactive system to positive and negative nutritional conditions. Neurons of the EN and fibers in the different areas of the telencephalon showed significant reduction in CART immunoreactivity following 48 hours food deprivation, or 2 hours following intracranial administration of 2‐deoxy‐D‐glucose (2DG, 100 ng/g body weight, a metabolic antagonist of glucose). However, intracranial injection of glucose (100 ng/g body weight) resulted in a distinct increase in CART immunoreactivity in these components. In mammals, insulin and leptin have been recognized as adiposity agents that convey peripheral energy status‐related information to brain. Intracranial administration of insulin (3 mU/fish) and leptin (10 ng/g body weight) significantly increased CART immunoreactivity in the EN neurons and in the fiber network within 2 hours. Superfusion of the EN‐containing tissue fragments in the medium enriched in glucose, insulin, or leptin evoked a significant increase in CART immunoreactivity in the EN neurons, but 2DG reduced the immunoreactivity. We suggest that CART‐containing neurons of the EN, and fibers in the telencephalon, may process the energy status‐related information and contribute to satiety. J. Comp. Neurol. 519:1281–1300, 2011.
ISSN: 0021-9967
Appears in Collections:JOURNAL ARTICLES

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