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Title: Moho offsets beneath the Western Ghat and the contact of Archean crusts of Dharwar Craton, India
Meena, Rishikesh
Prasad, B.N.V.
Borah, Kajaljyoti
Dept. of Earth and Climate Science
Keywords: Moho offsets
Western Ghat
Archean crusts
Crustal thickness
Moho offset
Lower crust
Issue Date: Mar-2016
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Tectonophysics, 672-673, 177-189.
Abstract: We present the Moho depth variation along a 600 km long profile from the west to the east coast of South India covering the passive continental margin, and the Western Ghat escarpment created during India–Madagascar separation at ~ 85 Ma; Archean western and eastern Dharwar Craton, and Proterozoic basin. The image is generated through three different approaches: H - vP/vS stacking, common conversion point (CCP) migration and inversion of teleseismic receiver functions at 38 locations. The Moho depth along the profile varies smoothly between 34 and 41 km, except beneath the Western Ghat and at the contact of east and west Dharwar Craton, where it is offset by up to ~ 8 km. The study suggests (i) the possible differential uplift of the Western Ghat, as a consequence of India–Madagascar separation and the prominent role of deep crustal structure in the location of the escarpment, compared to the surface process and (ii) presence of long-lived steeply dipping fault separating the two distinct Archean crustal blocks indicative of mechanically strong continental lithosphere beneath the Dharwar Craton.
ISSN: 0040-1951
Appears in Collections:JOURNAL ARTICLES

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