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Title: Room temperature processed in-situ carbon-coated vanadium carbide (VC@C) as a high capacity robust Li/Na battery anode material
Singla, Gourav
Pandey, O.P.
Singh, K.
Dept. of Chemistry
Dept. of Physics
Keywords: 3D carbide
In-situ synthesis
Room temperature ball milling
Li-ion battery
Post cycling characterization
Williamson-Hall analysis
Issue Date: May-2020
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Carbon, 161, 108-116.
Abstract: 3D carbide systems with their robust physical and mechanical properties have always attracted multiple application interests. In this report, we have synthesized a three-dimensional in-situ carbon coated cubic carbide, Vanadium Carbide (VC@C), by a very simple, scalable and cost-effective room temperature mechano-chemical ball-milling procedure and researched its promise as effective anode material for Li and Na ion batteries. We have demonstrated that VC@C shows an impressive initial discharge/lithiation capacity of 1165 mAh g−1 with a high reversible capacity of 640 mAh g−1 after 100 charge-discharge cycles at an applied current density of 0.1 A g−1. We have also found that this material renders a very promising rate performance with significantly low capacity drop after exposing it to variable current densities ranging from 0.05 A g−1 to 2 A g−1 with an excellent stability up to 1000 cycles owing to its structural robustness, as verified by post-cycling characterizations. A Li-ion full cell study using LiCoO2 as cathode also showed excellent promise in terms of practical application demonstrating a reversible capacity of 95 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles. Even for Na insertion/de-insertion VC@C shows a clear promise in terms of capacity, cyclic stability and rate performance.
ISSN: 0008-6223
Appears in Collections:JOURNAL ARTICLES

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