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Title: Single-scan quantum process tomography
Dept. of Physics
Keywords: Dynamics
Issue Date: Nov-2014
Publisher: American Physical Society
Citation: Physical Review A, 90(5).
Abstract: The standard procedure for quantum process tomography (QPT) requires a series of experiments. Each experiment involves initialization of the system to a particular basis state, applying the quantum process ɛ on the system, and finally characterizing the output state by quantum state tomography (QST). The output states collected for a complete set of basis states enable us to calculate the χ matrix characterizing the process ɛ. The standard procedure for QST itself requires independent experiments, each involving measurement of a set of commuting observables. Thus QPT procedure demands a number of independent measurements and, moreover, this number increases rapidly with the size of the system. However, in ensemble systems, the total number of independent measurements can be greatly reduced with the availability of ancilla qubits. Ancilla-assisted process tomography (AAPT) has earlier been shown to require a single QST of system-ancilla space. Ancilla-assisted quantum state tomography (AAQST) has also been shown to perform QST in a single-scan measurement of an ensemble system. Here we combine AAPT with AAQST to realize a single-scan QPT (SSPT), a procedure to characterize a general quantum process in a single ensemble measurement. We demonstrate experimental SSPT by characterizing several single-qubit processes using a three-qubit NMR quantum register. Furthermore, using the SSPT procedure, we experimentally characterize the twirling process and compare the results with theory.
ISSN: 1050-2947
Appears in Collections:JOURNAL ARTICLES

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