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dc.contributor.authorMalkoti, Ajayen_US
dc.contributor.authorDATTA, ARJUNen_US
dc.contributor.authorHanasoge, Shravan Men_US
dc.identifier.citationGeophysical Journal International, 227(1), 472–482.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe promise of passive seismology has increasingly been realized in recent years. Given the expense in installing and maintaining seismic station networks, it is important to extract as much information from the measurements as possible. In this context, the ellipticity or H/V amplitude ratio of Rayleigh waves can prove to be a valuable observable in ambient noise seismology due to its complimentary sensitivity to subsurface structure, compared to phase and group-velocity dispersion, as well as its potential for constraining VP structure in addition to VS. However, the suitability of the Rayleigh H/V ratio in noise-based studies depends on the accurate interpretation of measurements made on multicomponent ambient-noise cross-correlations. We present a synthetic study that critically examines measurements commonly interpreted as the Rayleigh-wave H/V ratio, under realistic scenarios of spatially distributed and non-uniform noise sources. Using the surface wave terms of Green’s function in a laterally homogeneous medium, we rigorously model multicomponent cross-correlations for arbitrary noise-source distributions and extract from them standard estimates of the H/V ratio. Variation of these measurements as a function of VP is studied empirically, by brute-force simulation. We find that the measurements depart significantly from the theoretical Rayleigh-wave H/V for the medium in question, when noise sources are strongly directional or anisotropic. Love waves, if present in the cross-correlations, also have the potential to significantly bias interpretation. Accurate interpretation of the H/V ratio measurement thus rests on carefully modelling these effects. However, the sensitivity to VP structure is comparable to that of the classic Rayleigh-wave H/V. We also propose a new measurement for cross-correlations that has slightly greater sensitivity to VP. Finally, uncertainty analysis on synthetic tests suggests that simplistic interpretations of Rayleigh-wave ellipticity are only effective (in resolving VP structure) when the Love-wave contamination is negligible and measurement uncertainties are less than 10 per cent.en_US
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen_US
dc.subjectCrustal imagingen_US
dc.subjectSeismic interferometryen_US
dc.subjectSeismic noiseen_US
dc.subjectSurface waves and free oscillationsen_US
dc.titleRayleigh-wave H/V ratio measurement from ambient noise cross-correlations and its sensitivity to VP: a numerical studyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDept. of Earth and Climate Scienceen_US
dc.identifier.sourcetitleGeophysical Journal Internationalen_US
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