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Title: Indian Free-ranging dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) : A Longitudinal Census and The long term effects of Sterilization on their time activity budget.
Bhadra, Anindita
Dept. of Biology
Keywords: Canis lupus familiaris
Indian Free-ranging dogs
time activity budget
effects of Sterilization
Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES
Issue Date: Jan-2024
Citation: 52
Abstract: This thesis presents a comprehensive study on Indian free-ranging dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) through a longitudinal census and an investigation into the long-term effects of sterilization on their time-activity budget. Free-ranging dogs in India play a significant role in public health, ecology, and animal welfare. Understanding their population dynamics and behavioral patterns is crucial for effective management and policy development. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, a census of free-ranging dogs was conducted in 13 locations in and around Kalyani, West Bengal, India. The longitudinal census aimed to assess the population size, distribution, and demographic characteristics of free-ranging dogs in selected urban and rural areas of India over a specific time period. Data collection involved a combination of field surveys, direct observations, and remote sensing techniques. The results provide valuable insights into the spatiotemporal dynamics of the free-ranging dog population and serve as a baseline for future population management strategies. The study investigated the long-term effects of sterilization on the time-activity budget of free-ranging dogs. Sterilization programs are commonly employed as a population control measure, but their impact on the behavior and daily activities of dogs remains understudied. Through behavioral observations, data logging devices, and statistical analyses, the study examined changes in activity levels, social interactions, foraging behavior, and territoriality post-sterilization. The findings of this research shed light on the potential effects of sterilization on the time-activity budget of free-ranging dogs. It provides insights into how sterilization may impact their behavior, social dynamics, and interactions with the environment. Understanding these effects is vital for designing effective sterilization programs and ensuring the overall well-being of the free-ranging dog population. This thesis contributes to the existing body of knowledge on Indian free-ranging dogs by providing a detailed longitudinal census and a comprehensive assessment of the long-term effects of sterilization on their time-activity budget. The results offer valuable insights for policymakers, animal welfare organizations, and researchers involved in the management and conservation of free-ranging dog populations. Further research in this area can build upon these findings to develop more targeted and effective strategies for the welfare and population control of free-ranging dogs in India. Free-ranging dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are a common sight in India. They are often seen as a nuisance, but they can also be a valuable asset to communities. This study provides a longitudinal census of free-ranging dogs in India and examines the long-term effects of sterilization on their time activity budget. The results of the study showed that sterilization had a significant effect on the time activity budget of free-ranging dogs. Sterilized dogs spent more time resting and less time scavenging for food. They were also less likely to be involved in aggressive interactions with other dogs. The study provides valuable information on the population dynamics and behavior of free-ranging dogs in India. The results of the study can be used to develop more effective management strategies for free-ranging dogs.
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