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Deciphering the desiccation trend of the South Asian monsoon hydroclimate in a warming world

Show simple item record Krishnan, R. en_US Sabin, T. P. en_US Vellore, R en_US Mujumdar, M. en_US Sanjay, J. en_US GOSWAMI, B. N. en_US Hourdin, F. en_US Dufresne, J. L. en_US Terray, P. en_US 2019-04-29T10:20:31Z 2019-04-29T10:20:31Z 2016-08 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Climate Dynamics, 47(3-4), 1007-1027. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1432-0894 en_US
dc.identifier.uri en_US
dc.description.abstract Rising propensity of precipitation extremes and concomitant decline of summer-monsoon rains are amongst the most distinctive hydroclimatic signals that have emerged over South Asia since 1950s. A clear understanding of the underlying causes driving these monsoon hydroclimatic signals has remained elusive. Using a state-of-the-art global climate model with high-resolution zooming over South Asia, we demonstrate that a juxtaposition of regional land-use changes, anthropogenic-aerosol forcing and the rapid warming signal of the equatorial Indian Ocean is crucial to produce the observed monsoon weakening in recent decades. Our findings also show that this monsoonal weakening significantly enhances occurrence of localized intense precipitation events, as compared to the global-warming response. A 21st century climate projection using the same high-resolution model indicates persistent decrease of monsoonal rains and prolongation of soil drying. Critical value-additions from this study include (1) realistic simulation of the mean and long-term historical trends in the Indian monsoon rainfall (2) robust attributions of changes in moderate and heavy precipitation events over Central India (3) a 21st century projection of drying trend of the South Asian monsoon. The present findings have profound bearing on the regional water-security, which is already under severe hydrological-stress. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Nature en_US
dc.subject Recent trends in the South Asian en_US
dc.subject Monsoon High-resolution model simulations en_US
dc.subject Regional hydroclimatic en_US
dc.subject Response to climate change en_US
dc.subject Countries in South-Asia en_US
dc.subject 2016 en_US
dc.title Deciphering the desiccation trend of the South Asian monsoon hydroclimate in a warming world en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.contributor.department Dept. of Earth and Climate Science en_US
dc.identifier.sourcetitle Climate Dynamics en_US
dc.publication.originofpublisher Foreign en_US

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